Page 10 - Pearson English
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PEARSONEnglish
                             2018


















             The many shifts in


             language teaching




            Text: Louise Emma Potter
            Teaching  languages  is  a  never-ending   Needless to say, disciplinary problems   CLIL stands for Content and Language
            story. We never get to the bottom of it.   have  sky  rocketed  mainly  because   Integrated Learning. In a nutshell, it is
            There is always something new around   students are no longer involved and   the  teaching  of  subjects  to  students
            the  corner,  waiting  to  turn  teacher’s   engaged in the school’s contents.  through the use of a target language
            lives into a constant turmoil.  On-going   Classroom  management,  which  I   different from their mother tongue.
            studying is a must on account that our   believe  is  one  of  the  most  important   We all know that language is a means
            jobs consist of helping students learn.    elements  a  teacher  must  understand   to an end, and not the end in itself. We
            Thousands  of  students  with  different   and have a deep understanding of   are able to learn other subjects throu-
            learning skills, interests and backgrou-  before entering any classroom, is now   gh the language; therefore, the langua-
            nds are sitting out there, expecting the   just  one  more  dot  in  the  universe  of   ge is not ultimately  learned only  in
            best from their teachers which amon-  knowledge teachers must have. Things   order  to  communicate,  especially
            gst  many  other  goals,  one  of  the   such  as  organizing  the  environment   when dealing with students in mains-
            ultimate ones is to motivate students   and  settings,  communicating,  having   tream schooling. Language is there in
            to learn. However, if we check into the   clear  expectations,  providing  clear   order to serve as a means to unders-
            schools the children of the 21st century   instructions are all classroom manage-  tand  different  cultures,  to  dig  deeper
            are studying, we can easily relate to our   ment strategies which remain much the   into understanding and applying other
            own  classrooms  30  years  ago.  The   same  and are  still extremely  relevant   cognitive  skills  in  order  to  perform  a
            furniture  might  be  a  little  more   for  our  teaching  context.  However,  if   certain  task.  Language  is  vibrant,  it
            modern and the blackboard may have   our  focus  is  to  bring  back  life  to  the   does  not  stand  still.  Therefore,
            been replaced for an interactive white   school environment and reach out to   teaching and learning it should also be
            board or a computer, but the teacher   our  students,  teachers  need  to  add   lively and dynamic.
            is still  standing  in front of  a line of   some spices and go beyond.  We  could  say  that  CLIL  is  a  tool  for
            desks,  lecturing  students  who  are   The term “CLIL” first appeared in Finland   intercultural  learning  and  one  of  the
            passively (or not) listening and silently   and  is  credited  to  Professor  David   ways we could spice up our classes. I
            (or not) taking notes. The world goes   Marsh from the University of Jyväskylä.  would say that CLIL is also one of the
            round and round and we tend to feel
            we  are  just  getting  lost  during  its
            revolving system. So much is going on,
            so much to learn and so much to do.      According to Coyle, the 4Cs curriculum (Coyle 1999) are essential
            Students  seem  to  learn  much  more    components  which combined, can result in a successful CLIL class:
            outside  of  the  classroom  walls  than
            inside  the  restraints  of  the  subjects   •    Content – The topic itself. What will the students actually learn apart
            they are supposed to be learning.        from the language?
            School has become irrelevant to some.    •    Communication – The language and grammar students will learn
            The social meetup, one of the dynami-    while learning the specific topic.
            cs  of  the  Language  lesson  stated  by
            Prabhu (1992) is still, I believe, one of   •    Cognition – Developing critical thinking skills. Students will generally
            the highlights of our students’ day, but   come up with questions that go beyond the traditional content
                                                     questions. Higher thinking skills are in order here.
            other  than  that,  the  school  has
            become a boring event.                   •    Culture - Exposure to alternative perspectives of their own culture
                                                     and that of others.


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